Tkuarchal was a developing industrial town in Soviet Abkhazia. It was the town of miners, workers, engineers. Pipes of its factories produced so much smoke that a man who came outside and walked through the town returned home being all dirty and dusty. But everything became suddenly over. In the best Soviet years the population of the city amounted to 40 thousand people, before the war – over 20 thousand. The war took many citizens of Tkuarchal away, many others simply abandoned the town. In 2008 only 5 thousand people remained there. They could not find jobs and earn a living.